مقارناً بالنظام الديمقراطي
This study replies on the following question: What are the authorities of the Calife, the head of state of the Islamic political system compared with the democratic system. This study also clarifies the jurisprudence, executive, and legeslative authorities of the head of state in Islam, compared with the democratic system. Finally the study tackles and compares these systems with its two parts; royal Islamic system and republic system.
عبدالله إبراهيم زيد الكيلاني·
Omar’s method in dealing with the situation kept the land in the hands of its original owners, which instigated investment, and revealed the flexibility of Islamic laws in applying the holy text on the ground. This will be discussed in more details throughout this study.
Flexibility is an important feature of the Islamic call. Islamic call guardians should take into their account such feature in order to consolidate the call for Islam, which is suitable for every time and place. This call, being based on a sound and well-calculated background would fulfil its aims. Some misunderstand the meaning of flexibility in a sense that it causes Islam to deviate from the right path. But our understanding of flexibility entails that it doesn't strip Islam of its true identity and goals. In this paper, I defined the terms of flexibility: its means, methods and aspects and shed light on its rules and showed how flexibility relates to totalities and how Islamic texts adapt themselves to diversity as people can infer hidden meanings according to different aspects of place, time and humanity. Afterwards, I talked about flexibility, which can lead to change "fatwa". The paper is rounded off with conclusions and some recommendations.
مسفر بن علي بن محمد القحطاني
This research is aimed at bringing close the fundamental basis to the minds of preachers so as to restrain their behaviors and to formulate their curricula and to demolish most forms of dispute amongst them. The science of Fiqh fundamentals should not only be considered as a reference for the rules pertinent to the Fiqh of worships or financial and criminal issues but also as a reference for restraining the behaviors of preachers. I tried to present some fundamental basis on many of the issues concerning the practices of preaching such as “Ijtehad related to Dawah”; when should it be applied and what are its restraints? By then, “Ijtehad” becomes a means for renewing Fiqh and a vast range for tackling contemporary preaching issues will be fulfilled.
The research treated various issues of concern to the principles of Dawah (preaching). The Ijtehad related to Dawah is part of the Ijtehad as viewed in Fiqh and the duty of the preacher is discussed with regards to his knowledge and relation to the scholars. The study discussed the principles of Dawa and its relation to the objectives of Shariah and the obligatory requirements that a preacher must possess. It is required that preachers should possess a knowledge of the logic of the objectives of Islamic legislations.
وبنقل الدم والترقيعات الجلدية
محمد فالح مطلق بني صالح
This study is aimed at clarifying the general rules against selling and benefiting from defilement (defiled items) through the clarification of the meaning of defilement, its various forms, in addition to the restraints and disputed issues concerning it. The study, also, clarifies the extent in which the humans and non-humans can benefit from some forms, like the provision of food and drink to animals and irrigation of plants, etc. The research treated some contemporary issues that are related to this matter such as blood transfusion, skin transplantation to humans, in addition to presenting the rules of Shariah for each matter of concern. In addition, the study recommends the direct official auditing on blood banks to ensure their adherence to the rules concerning this issue.
The research is aimed at recognizing the real meaning of "Al-bada" (knowledge after ignorance) according to Sunni and Group scholars in addition to moderate Shiite imamates. The real meaning of this concept according to the two sects is knowledge after ignorance. The distinction between the two concepts and judging it according to the two sects is also discussed. The meaning of "Al-bada" according to Sunni and Group scholars is to endorse ignorance on God (i.e. to deny God’s pre-knowledge) and that contradicts with the belief that God is all knowing and eternal. Hence, they banned this concept of "Al-bada" and considered it as blasphemous and those who believe in it are infidels and should be excluded from the sect.
Moderate Shiite scholars believe in the eternity of God and that He has pre-knowledge and therefore the concept of "Al-bada" does not exceed the concept of fate prevention and that fate can be prevented by true repentance, getting close to God through good deeds, obedience to Him, and prayers to Him. Therefore, those who believe in the concept of "Al-bada" contradict with the belief of God’s eternity and pre-knowledge and are considered as infidels and should be excluded from the sect.
The two sects, therefore, have the same opinion on the concept of "Al-bada" although they disagree on it semantically.
The almsgiving (Zakat) is the most important economic pillar in Islam. Therefore, the Qur’anic verses defined the people who are entitled to this charity in consequence of that the Muslim scholars studied the characterizations of these people.
The importance of this issue directed me towards studying the view of Islam in giving the almsgiving to the Fasiq. As a result of this study I reached to the conclusion that the almsgiving must be given to the pious and withheld from the Fasiq particularly if he uses it in lawless ways. But if we see that by giving the alms to the Fasiq causes him to repent we can give him to encourage him to come to this repentance.