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ɺ : (ʡ ). ɺ . () () . ( ): ( ). : ( ). : ( ).

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When we view very distant stars, we are viewing an earlier time in the history of the universe, because those stars' light has taken millions and billions of light-years to travel to us. Thus, looking at the speeds of stars at various distances tells us how fast the universe was expanding at various points in its lifetime (http://www.space.com/11642-dark-matter-dark-energy-4-percent-universe-panek.html). Shockingly, the researchers observed the universe appeared to be accelerating in its expansion. "There's some other force out there or something on a cosmic scale that is counteracting the force of gravity," Panek explained. "People didn't believe this at first because it's such a weird result."

() () : ( * ) ] 48-47 [. : ( ). : ( ) ( 65 ).

Dark energy is forcing us to consider the possibility that some cosmic dark energy exists that opposes the self-attraction of matter and causes the expansion of the universe to accelerate.

Dark matter (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_matter#cite): According to this reference; it is a type of matter hypothesized in astronomy and cosmology to account for a large part of the total mass in the universe. Dark matter cannot be seen directly with telescopes; evidently it neither emits nor absorbs light or other electromagnetic radiation at any significant level.[1] Instead, its existence and properties are inferred from its gravitational effects on visible matter, radiation, and the large-scale structure of the universe. According to the Planck mission team, and based on the standard model of cosmology, the total massenergy of the known universe  (Fig. 1) contains 4.9% ordinary matter, 26.8% dark matter and 68.3% dark energy. ([1])  Thus, dark matter is estimated to constitute 84.5% of the total matter in the universe and 26.8% of the total content of the universe.([2])

: (... ) ( 65 ). : ( * ) ] 48-47 [.

: 68.3% 26.8% ɡ 4.9%  ( ).

Fig. 1-a: Estimated distribution of matter and energy in the universe, today (top) and when the CMB was released (bottom)

1 - : : () ().

 

Another reference:

WMAP AND DARK MATTER / DARK ENERGY

(http://map.gsfc.nasa.gov/universe/uni_matter.html)

By making accurate measurements of the cosmic microwave background fluctuations, WMAP is able to measure the basic parameters of the Big Bang model including the density and composition of the universe. WMAP measures the relative density of baryonic and non-baryonic matter to an accuracy of better than a few percent of the overall density. It is also able to determine some of the properties of the non-baryonic matter: the interactions of the non-baryonic matter with itself, its mass and its interactions with ordinary matter all affect the details of the cosmic microwave background fluctuation spectrum.

WMAP determined that the universe is flat, from which it follows that the mean energy density in the universe is equal to the critical density (within a 0.5% margin of error). This is equivalent to a mass density of 9.9 x 10-30 g/cm3, which is equivalent to only 5.9 protons per cubic meter. Of this total density, we now (as of January 2013) know the breakdown to be:

         4.6% Atoms. More than 95% of the energy density in the universe is in a form that has never been directly detected in the laboratory! The actual density of atoms is equivalent to roughly 1 proton per 4 cubic meters.

         24% Cold Dark Matter. Dark matter is likely to be composed of one or more species of sub-atomic particles that interact very weakly with ordinary matter. Particle physicists have many plausible candidates for the dark matter, and new particle accelerator experiments are likely to bring new insight in the coming years.

         71.4% Dark Energy. The first observational hints of dark energy in the universe date back to the 1980's when astronomers were trying to understand how clusters of galaxies were formed. Their attempts to explain the observed distribution of galaxies were improved if dark energy was present, but the evidence was highly uncertain. In the 1990's, observations of supernova were used to trace the expansion history of the universe (over relatively recent times) and the big surprise was that the expansion appeared to be speeding up, rather than slowing down! There was some concern that the supernova data were being misinterpreted, but the result has held up to this day. In 2003, the first WMAP results came out indicating that the universe was flat (see above) and that the dark matter made up only 24% of the density required to produce a flat universe. If 71.4% of the energy density in the universe is in the form of dark energy, which has a gravitationally repulsive effect, it is just the right amount to explain both the flatness of the universe and the observed accelerated expansion. Thus dark energy explains many cosmological observations at once.

         Fast moving neutrinos do not play a major role in the evolution of structure in the universe. They would have prevented the early clumping of gas in the universe, delaying the emergence of the first stars, in conflict with the WMAP data. However, with 5 years of data, WMAP is able to see evidence that a sea of cosmic neutrinos do exist in numbers that are expected from other lines of reasoning. This is the first time that such evidence has come from the cosmic microwave background.

Pie Chart of the content of the Universe

1 - : . (http://map.gsfc.nasa.gov/universe/uni_matter.html)

() : 71.4% 24% ɡ 4.6% ( ).

( : 1 - 1 - ) : 69.85% 25.4% ɡ 4.75% ( ).

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(25.4%) (4.75%) :

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{15}

 

1 - : (secret, hidden, unobservable) ( ) (observable, open).

Surah and its No.

Verse and its number

1

(2)

( ) (3)

2

(2)

( ) (33)

3

(3)

(.. ) (179)

4

(4)

( ... ... ) (34)

5

(5)

( ) (94)

" " " " .

6

(6)

( ..) (50)

7

(6)

( ) (59)

8

(6)

( ) (73)

9

(7)

( ) (188)

10

(9)

( ) (94)

11

(9)

( ) (105)

12

(10)

( ) (20)

13

(11)

( ) (31)

14

(11)

( ) (123)

15

(12)

( ) (81)

16

(13)

( ) (9)

17

(16)

( ) (77)

18

(18)

( ) (26)

19

(19)

( ) (61)

20

(19)

( ) (78)

21

(21)

( ) (49)

22

(23)

( ) (92)

23

(27)

( ) (65)

24

(32)

( ) (6)

25

(34)

( ) (3)

26

(34)

( .. ) (14)

27

(34)

( ) (53)

28

(35)

(.. ) (18)

" " " " " " " " " "

29

(35)

( ) (38)

30

(36)

( ) (11)

" " " " " " " "

31

(39)

( ) (46)

32

(49)

( ) (18)

33

(50)

( ) (33)

34

(52)

( ) ) (41): (" " " " )

35

(53)

( ) (35)

36

(57)

( ) (25)

37

(59)

( ) (22)

38

(62)

( ) (8)

39

(64)

( ) (18)

40

(67)

( ) (12)

41

(68)

( ) (47)

42

(72)

( ) (26)

43

(81)

( ) (24)

" " " " " " , ,

44

(5)

( ) (109)

45

(5)

( ) (116)

46

(9)

( ) (78)

47

(34)

( ) (48)

48

(27)

( ) (75)

49

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Surah and its No.

Verse and its number

1(8)

(6)

( ) (73)

2(10)

(9)

( ) (94)

3(11)

(9)

( ) (105)

4(16)

(13)

( ) (9)

5(22)

(23)

( ) (92)

6(24)

(32)

( ) (6)

7(31)

(39)

( ) (46)

8(37)

(59)

( ) (22)

9(38)

(62)

( ) (8)

10(39)

(64)

( ) (18)

 

( ) ( : ) ( (10. (NO) :

NO = 10

(Nd) NO :

() (25.4% ) (4.75% ) ( : 1 - 1 - ). . .

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(Dark energy, or negative pressure) . (1 - 1 - ) :


25.4% 4.75%  ( 1 - 1 - ).

: ( * ) ] 48-47 [. (69.85%) . () () . .

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- ( * ) ] 3-4 [. .... ([3]).

[3] He Who created the seven Samawat (sky, Firmament) one above another: no want of proportion wilt thou see in the Creation of (Allah) Most Gracious. So turn thy vision again: seest thou any flaw? [4] Again turn thy vision a second time: (thy) vision will come back to thee dull and discomfited, in a state worn out.

- ( ) 6

) Do they not look at the Sama Firmaments ; sky - above them? How We have constructed it and adorned it, and there are no cracks (gaps) in it? ) (S. 50, V. 6)

() ( ) : ( ) . ʡ .

- ( ) ( 32 ).

- ( ) ( 22 ).

- ( ) ( 27 ).

- ( ) ( 18 ).

- ( ) ( 12). ([4]).

. :

( ) ( 2)

(Allah is He Who raised the Samawat Firmaments - without any pillars that ye can see; then He established Himself on the Throne (of Authority); He has subjected the sun and the moon (to His Law)! Each one runs (its course) for a term appointed. He doth regulate all affairs, explaining the Signs in detail, that ye may believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord.) (S. 13, V. 2)

( ).

( ) ( 10)

(He created the Samawat Firmaments - without any pillars that ye can see; He set on the earth mountains standing firm, lest it should shake with you; and He scattered through it beasts of all kinds. We send down rain from the sky, and produce on the earth every kind of noble creature, in pairs.) (S. 31, V. 10)

" " . ( ).

:

- (... ) ( 65 ).

- ( ) ( 37 ).

(When the Sama Firmaments ; sky - is rent asunder, and it becomes red like ointment: ) (S. 55, V. 37)

- ( ) ( 16).

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- ( ) ( 11 ).

- ( ) ( 1 ).

- ( ) ( 1 ).

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: ({29} ). : ({20} ) . " " . (0.0345). .

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ѡ :

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- ({19} ) .

(0.1053) : (... ) ( 65 ).


:

( 2): ([5] 2). 209 .

2- ([6]) : ( 30 ) .

(3) ( 3): ([7]) 146 .

 

3 - ([8]): ( ).
4 (([9])) : ( 4): 176 .

 

4 - ([10]): (14 ).

5 (([11])) : ( 5): 94 (120) .

 

5 ([12]): (6 ) .

(6) ([13]) ( 6): (165) 102.

 

6 - ([14]): (41 ).

 

 


 

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1

7

4

3

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286

209

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200

146

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176

136

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120

94

6

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165

102

41

7

206

85

66

8

75

58

7

9

129

103

5

10

109

65

22

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61

28

12

111

44

8

13

43

34

4

14

52

42

4

15

99

13

37

16

128

90

25

17

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43

46

18

110

41

29

19

98

39

30

20

135

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18

59

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78

56

8

23

118

36

33

24

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4

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77

24

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227

49

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3

86

17

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7

87

19

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6

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26

1

6

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30

6

2

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6

91

15

2

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1

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3

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6

96

19

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8

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6

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0

 

6229

2650

1368

 

:

(1368+2650)/ 6229 = 0.6451

:

(1368+2650+112)/ (6229+112) = 0.6513

 

ѡ ɺ :

1

7

4

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3

62

11

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1

63

11

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1

64

18

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65

12

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66

12

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1

67

30

10

9

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52

8

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71

28

11

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72

28

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4

80

42

0

13

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19

3

6

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26

1

6

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6

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15

2

7

92

14

1

10

93

11

3

3

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8

1

4

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8

1

6

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5

1

1

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8

3

3

103

3

0

2

105

5

1

3

106

4

1

2

107

7

0

3

108

3

1

1

109

6

0

3

110

3

3

0

112

4

2

2

113

5

1

1

114

6

3

0

 

5235

2540

1128

 

 

(1128+2540)/ 5235 = 0.701

:

.

:

(0.701 - 0.699)/ 0.701 = 0.00285

( ) :

(1128+2540+84)/ (5235 +84) = 0.7054

. (5.35%) (25.4%) (4.75%). . (65.1%) 69.85% . (0.7054) ѡ ɺ ɺ . (69.85%). () (inflation) (). . . .

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[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_matter#cite_note-planck_overview-2

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_matter#cite_note-wmap7parameters-3

[2] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_matter#cite_note-planckcam-4

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_matter#cite_note-DarkMatter-5

[3] . 3 725 . 9 3

[4] . 19 112 . 10 384

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